Joan of Arc

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Wikimedia Commons
Foto: Wikimedia Commons

Joan of Arc, Jeanne d'Arc, was born on January 6, 1412 in France in Domremy, today Domremy la Pucelle. She was born during the Hundred Years War between England and France from 1337 to 1453.

Joan of Arc was a very devout girl with no education who, as a young woman, under the influence of war, like most of the people of France at the time, felt great fear and anxiety. Under the pressure of daily war hardships, Joan of Arc was at one point engulfed in a very psychotic condition that caused her a series of hallucinations. According to her, various saints appeared before her in such a state, especially Archangel Michael, who told her what to do and how to support the King Charles VII and chase away the English from France.

During the English siege of Orlean, her feverish psychoses and unrest culminated in her urging her to join the french army. Under such a condition, she displayed unprecedented fanaticism in the fighting, which had a tremendous positive impact on the demoralized members of the French units and population. Led by her almost superhuman desire to defeat the English and expel them from their homeland, French troops led by Joan of Arc saved Orleans.

On May 30, 1431, the Catholic Court, in a process led by Bishop Pierre Cauchon, sentenced her to death as a witch by burning on the same day. Twenty years later, she was brought back to church.